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Apatit (Cherepovets, Vologda region)

Production of phosphate-based mineral fertilisers, phosphoric and sulphuric acids...
Investment programme

Business profile: production of phosphate-based mineral fertilisers, phosphoric and sulphuric acids, aluminium fluoride, ammonia, urea, ammonium nitrate (AN) and other nitrogen-based fertilisers

  • Apatit (Cherepovets, Vologda region) is the largest producer of phosphate-based fertilisers and phosphoric and sulphuric acids in Europe, and also one of the leading producers of NPK fertilisers, ammona and AN in the Russian chemical industry.
  • According to Azotecon Plus (2011), phosphate-based fertilisers produced at capacities that are currently part of Apatit (Cherepovets, Vologda region) account for 31% of total production of such fertilisers and account for 7% of total ammonia production.
  • Apatit (Cherepovets, Vologda region) is Russia’s largest exporter of phosphate-based fertilisers (supplies to countries in Western Europe, Asia, America and Africa).
  • The enterprise houses an industrial river port used to transport raw materials and finished products.
  • Apatit (Cherepovets, Vologda region) has its own generating capacities with an aggregate volume of 134MW and is 80% self-sufficient in electricity through recovery of steam heat created during the production of sulphuric acid, which makes the enterprise a leader in the sector.

  • Fertilisers: monoammonium phosphate (MAP); white and coloured daimmonium phosphate (DAP); complex fertilisers — diammophoska (10:26:26), NPK 13-19-19, 15-15-15, 10-20-20 and other brands, liquid complex fertilisers 11-37, different brands of monoammonium phosphate sulphate, ammonium nitrate (AN), complex nitrogen phosphate NP 32-5.
  • Acids: sulphuric, phosphoric, nitric.
  • Other products: roasted pyrite, aluminium fluoride (AlF3).
  • Anhydrous liquid ammonia.

Main products:

Complex fertilisers make it possible to attain a perfect balance of quality soil composition and obtain high-yield crops on a sustainable basis. Phosphorous is essential for plant growth and raises the crop yield. It plays a decisive role in photosynthesis and in all processes related to the restoration of energy, is part of the nitrogen fixation processes in plants and accelerates plant growth. Complex liquid fertilisers are compatible with all other fertilisers and serve as the basis for liquid nutrient mixes, combine well with pesticides, herbicides and growth stimulants and may be applied jointly with them.

Phosphoric acid is used in the production of fertilisers, during the treatment of metals and the manufacture of industrial and food-based phosphates used in turn to produce foodstuffs, soft drinks and personal care products. Pyrite cinder, a by-product of sulphur production is used primarily in the cement industry as a filling agent. Aluminium fluoride is applied in the production of aluminium by electrolysis, in organic synthesis, and also in other production processes.

Nitrogen fertilisers facilitate an increase in the synthesis of protein substances. Nitrogen is used as part of such vital organic compounds for plants as chlorophyll, ferments, phosphatides and several others. A deficit of nitrogen adversely affects the fermentation process, weakening biosynthesis processes, with a resultant deterioration in plant growth. Ammonium nitrate (AN) is commonly used as a nitrogen fertiliser in Russia.

Nitric acid is used to produce ammonia nitrate, complex fertilisers, oxidising processes for the pickling of metals in electrical engineering, the radio engineering and printing industry

Anhydrous liquid ammonia is a raw material used in the production of mineral fertilisers and numerous nitrogen-based industrial substances. 

75, Severnoe Shosse, Cherepovets, Vologda Region, 162622, Russian Federation
Tel. (8202) 59-33-09, Fax: (8202) 55-50-34


Press Secretary 

Mikhail Kuzmitskiy

Tel.: (8202) 59-43-96

Investment projects implemented in recent years:

Apatit (Cherepovets, Vologda region) phosphates complex

From 2008 to 2010 PhosAgro upgraded production to increase its production capacities. In 2009 it commissioned the final new sulphuric acid production unit (714,000 tonnes per year), the largest in Europe (total sulphuric acid production capacity of 2.72 million tonnes per year). PhosAgro-Cherepovets commissioned energy-generating capacities and at the same time built a new acid production line.

Phosphate rock processing capacities were boosted by approximately 15% to 3 million tonnes per year.

PhosAgro has flexible production capacities to produce different mineral fertilisers, making it possible to switch production rapidly in response to market changes.

In 2012 the aluminium fluoride production capacities were upgraded to maintain quality and output at 23,000 tonnes per year; the mineral fertiliser production line was upgraded, increasing productivity. In addition, a programme was implemented to raise energy efficiency and enhance the reliability and safety of power supplies.

Apatit (Cherepovets, Vologda region) nitrogen complex

In 2011 a comprehensive investment programme was implemented to increase ammonia granule production capacities to 1,150 tonnes per year. As a result the enterprise’s existing chemical production capacities will be self-sufficient in ammonia.

In 2012 the enterprise commissioned a new urea line with a production capacity of 500,000 tonnes per year, together with a new 32MW gas turbine power plant. The carbon dioxide from one of the existing ammonia production units is used as process feedstock, thereby increasing the utilisation of natural gas in commercial production. After the commissioning of the new urea production facility, two state-of-the-art ammonia-urea complexes are in operation at the Cherepovets chemical site.

The new gas turbine unit increased in turn the electricity self-sufficiency of Apatit (Cherepovets, Vologda region), and the new urea production line – and also improved performance indicators in the area of energy efficiency. In addition, modernisation of the power supply system is planned, with the integration of the gas turbine power plant.

Apatit (Cherepovets, Vologda region) investment plans:

In late 2013 we launched construction of a new, energy efficient ammonia production line.  The new facility, which is due to be commissioned in 2017, will have a capacity of 760 ths tonnes per year.  It will be the largest ammonia line in Russia, and will help strengthen PhosAgro’s position among the leading global mineral fertilizer producers.

This project is one of the key elements of PhosAgro’s long-term modernisation strategy developed by the National Mineral Resources University in St. Petersburg.

In parallel to construction of the new ammonia line, two of the existing lines are being upgraded.  These upgrades are aimed at increasing production capacity and lowering gas consumption.  This will help to increase existing capacities by 28% (to 1,150 ths tonnes per year) and to decrease natural gas consumed for ammonia production by 8%.  The total capital expenditure for the ammonia plant upgrades is over RUB 4 bln.

General Director of Apatit
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