The Apatit mining and beneficiation complex was founded on 13 November 1929 to mine the unique apatite-nepheline ore from the Khibiny deposit.
Business profile: mining and processing of apatite-nepheline ore from the Khibiny deposit, production of phosphate rock and nepheline concentrates, and also other mineral concentrates - syenite, titanite and titanomagnetite.
- Apatit is the world’s largest producer of high-grade phosphate ore (P2O5 content > 35.7%) – phosphate rock and Russia’s only producer of nepheline concentrate.
- Apatit is developing six deposits: Kukisvumchorrskoye, Yuksporskoye, Apatitovy Cirque, Plateau Rasvumchorr, Koashva and Njorkpakh.
The ore is extracted from four mines:
- Kirovsky, Rasvumchorr (underground mining), Central and Vostochny (open-pit mining), with a combined ore extraction capacity of approximately 26 million tonnes a year.
- The ore is processed at two apatite-nepheline beneficiation plants - ANBP-2 and ANBP-3.
- High grade ore: phosphate content (in P2O5) is as high as 15.1%; aluminium oxide content (Al2O3) is 13.6%.
- The high quality of the phosphate rock is confirmed by a UPZ 98 01 19674 15 International Certificate.
- The enterprise enables PhosAgro to be self-sufficient in phosphate rock for the production of phosphate-based fertilisers.
- The resource base contains significant reserves of aluminium oxide (Al2O3) and more than 41% of all Russia's reserves of rare earth elements.
- In the period from 1929 to 2014 inclusive over 1.85 billion tonnes of apatite-nepheline ore were produced at Apatit’s mines, which translates into over 649 million tonnes of phosphate rock and over 67,7 million tonnes of nepheline concentrate.
The combined Kirovsky mine was formed in 1989 from two underground mines – Kirovsky used to mine the Kukisvumchorrskoye deposit since 1929 and Yuksporskoye, which had been mining the deposit of the same name since 1954.
The Rasvumchorr mine, operational since 1954, mines the Apatitovy Cirque deposit and the open pit part of the Plateau Rasvumchorr deposit.
The Central mine was commissioned in 1964. The mine is located on the Plateau Rasvumchorr 1,050 metres above sea level. The open-pit mine is 3.5 kilometres long and 590 metres deep.
The mine was nicknamed Little Antarctica by journalists.
Vostochny mine, Apatit’s newest mine, celebrated it 34th birthday in February 2012. The mine is located in the southeast part of Khibiny and mines the Koashva and Njorkpakh deposits using the open-pit mines bearing the same names.
The apatite-nepheline ores are processed at the beneficiation plant, which includes ANBP-2, ANBP-3, the Central Laboratory and the Technical Control Department. ANBP-2 was commissioned in 1963, while nepheline production at ANBP-2 commenced in December 1992, ANBP-3 launched, while in 1984 the crushing plant began operating (in 1988 – at full capacity).
1 Leningradskaya Street, Kirovsk, Murmansk Region, 184250, Russian Federation
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Document management office, Apatit
Tel.: (81531) 35-460
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Tel.: (81531) 55-590
Press secretary: Anna Meteleva
Tel.: (81531) 32-984
Aimed at supporting the maintenance and development of Apatit’s resource base, beneficiation capacities and production infrastructure, increasing output and reducing production costs, as well as improving industrial, environmental and fire safety.
Investment projects implemented in recent years:
- Modern transport management system commissioned in August 2011 (jointly with OJSC NIUIF) at Vostochny mine and in September 2013 at Central mine.
Result: increase in vehicle productivity, reduction in fuel and tyre expenses.
- Pumping station at the level of +64m metres (Koashva open-pit mine).
Anticipated result: productivity at Koashva of 3-4 million tonnes annually.
- In 2011 a new transport system was commissioned for the supply of ore from the +422 and 450 metres levels through conveyers to existing ore chute No. 3.
- In 2010 work was completed on constructing the air heater units (AHU) at shaft VAS-2.
- In 2010 the southern air shaft No. 3 (SAS-3) was commissioned; all the equipment required for the construction, installation and subsequent operation of the crushing unit is lowered through this shaft to the underground mine.
SAS-3 was equipped with a 60-tonne crane, the only one of its kind in Russia, this makes it possible to speed up the lifting of the freight.
- In 2010 the milling and flotation unit apatite-nepheline beneficiation plant (ANBP-2) underwent a comprehensive overhaul.
Result: improvement in production figures and also more effective use of raw materials and energy.
Current investment projects
- In 2013 work started to develop reserves at the Njorkpakh deposit as an open-pit mine to a depth of 155 m (previously designated for underground mining).
Anticipated result: extension of operation of the Njorkpakh mine to 2044 with annual production of 1.9-2.2 mln tonnes.
- PhosAgro is the first company in Russia to implement the full-scale transfer of underground mining work to emulsion explosives. Since 2011 the enterprise has been implementing the target programme “Implementation of Emulsion Explosives for the underground mines of Apatit”.
The goal of the programme is to reduce costs relating to the post-detonation mining of oversize ores and significantly increase the safety of blasting work.
- Underground and surface complexes of the Mineshaft No. 2.
Anticipated impact: Commissioning of Mineshaft No. 2 with an underground crushing complex will increase the mine’s capacity to 14 mln tonnes a year or more.
- Construction of the 90 metres m at the Kukisvumchorrskoe deposit and +170 meters at the Yukslorskoe deposit.
- Upgrade of the thickening and filtration processing units aimed at increasing effective production of phosphate rock.
- Upgrade of the classification system in the ore crushing cycle, installation of Derrick high-frequency screens. Costs exceed RUB 1.3 billion.
- Reconstruction of the automated production system at the turbo-compressor;
- Upgrade of the automated production system at the plant’s reagents unit.
Anticipated impact: Electricity savings on this project could exceed 38 million kWh a year.
Apatit investment plans:
- Development of the resources base of Apatit. Combined Kirovsky mine. Commissioning of Mineshaft No. 2. Construction of horizons at +90m in the Kukisvumchorrskoe deposit and +170m at the Yukslorskoe deposit.
- Development of the resources base of Apatit. Rasvumchorr mine. Planning and surveying work relating to further development of the resource base of Apatit. Construction of underground horizons at +310m and +425m and fitting with crushing facilities and conveyers to transfer ores from horizons to ore passes.
- Modernisation of the beneficiation capacities at Apatit. Upgrade of the classification system in the ore crushing cycle at ANBP-3, installation of Derrick screens.
- Modernisation of the grinding unit of ANBP-3, installation of Metso grinders.
- Implementation of emulsion explosives system at the underground mines of Apatit.
- Installation of an automated system to manage basic technical equipment at the Rasvumchorrskoe underground mine.
- Reconstruction of the heating system in Kirovsk as part of the construction of the transit pipeline from Apatit CHP to the central heating station in Kirovsk.